Converting Silent Spaces to Dynamic Public Spaces
Azita Nikpay, Hamid Reza Gozariyan, Iran
Under-bridge spaces are considered as «silent spaces». These spaces have the potential for creating dynamic public spaces which are mostly overlooked. In this contest, we observed the design of Tolbuhinsky Bridge in the city of Yaroslavl.
Creating the public spaces is one of the qualitative factors in city life which helps society to feel comfortable with the city. Suitable public spaces develop social interaction and reduce personal and social abnormality and depression. Such spaces improve local feelings when the world powers are trying to globalize everything.
Its main objective is connecting the side-walks on the bridges to the unused spaces under the bridges which is considered as dynamic spaces for attracting pedestrians from the top to the down. Actually, the main idea behind its design is eliminating «the up and down borders of the bridge» for integrating the spaces of the bridge in order to make dynamic public spaces in the city. Therefore, three routes with different lengths and times are created for the passing pedestrians. The side-walk on the bridge is specifiedby the green strips for reducing sound pollution.
Two of the three designed routes are straight in two levels to be used, according to the existing time if possible .And the third route is designed in a semi-circle which provides a dynamic and lively space for walking in different seasons and using the natural potential of the site.
According to the fact that the surrounding grounds of the bridge on the north of the Volga riverhave no special use, they have high potential for creating open spaces in order to integrate the specified spaces with the under bridge spaces. Therefore, the under river spaces are designed as semi-open and closed spaces because of the sound pollution and extreme coldness in the winter.
Considering the public role of the bridges and their accessibility to all of the people of the city, creating dynamic and lively public spaces for all the age groups is considered as one of the anticipated aims in a way to be accessible and usable for the public. Therefore, separate hang-out places are specified for four different age groups ,Walkway, cycling space, cafe, restaurant, outdoor library, amphitheater and free wall painting and stores are among the other functions which were designed as open and semi-open spaces in free and curved forms. They were actually inspired by the domes of ancient Russian architecture.
Hamid Reza Gozariyan