Isabella Britze, Franziska Ewald, Alexander Gregotsch, Sebastian Völkel, IFAS – Landscape Design, Germany
In the modern urbanism bridges are an inherent part of most cities. But despite of their functional usage, they’ve got a quality and beauty of space, which leads to numerous possibilities and a high potential for designing public space. The difficulty is, to develop a feeling for the mix of function and aesthetics.
The Tolbuhinsky bridge is one example for a beautiful urban construction, which full potential isn ́t taped. According to the opinion poll, provided in the context of the competition, people wether use the space under the bridge nor see something special in the area. The bridge is just a functional element of the infrastructure, crossing the river.
Our aim is to show the people the hidden beauty of their city and make the area more attractive.
The bridge is located in the center of Jaroslawl, connecting North and South side of the river Koto- rosl. Especially the northern riverside provides still a lot of space without many buildings. The last years the riverside was already upgraded. The opening of the Millenium Park was a first step acquiring the riverside. Further in the West there is a sport course. The architecture of the bridge is kept simple, which is why there are a lot of possibilities to design the remaining area. But the big massive pillars are a striking element, which should be minded in the planning.
As a result, the aim of this project is to establish a connection between the Millennium Park and the sport course. Because of this the project concentrates only on the North Side of the river. The idea is that this whole area should be seen as one unity, but with different sections, which can all stand for themselves. In order to achieve this goal a smooth crossover of the two natural domains needs to be fulfilled. Therefore the bridge is used as an element of transition and will be the core of this outline. This idea is supported by using architectural conditions given by the bridge. It’s a mix of strengthen the line of the pillars, but also use the open space to spread into nature. Most important is the right utilization of the space under the bridge, which must accomplish certain qualities to guarantee an operating concept. For that, the design needs to find the appropriate mix of function and aesthetics. This design gains all of these aspects and merges them together into one principle.
So there are three main points considered:
— the connection of the landscape and important points of the city
As a straight and dominant building the bridge brings along the danger to cut the surrounding landscape. In order to avoid this impression, the people passing through are guided by pathways starting in the open landscape, continuing under the bride and leading at the other side again
in the open landscape. Trees on both sides of the bridge create a loose feeling of already closed space, like it ́s found under the bridge and compose a fluent passage.
- the accentuation of the architectural construction and its own aesthetics
Beside their function as connecting element of the landscape the trees underline the simple and clear form of the bridge. They are lined up orientated at the placement of piles and staves. Especially seen from the street the bridge offers an interesting perspective. Frames made of metal repeat the rectangular shape of space between the piles.
- the utilization of the space under the bridge
A special benefit of the room under a bridge is the protection against rain or general the weather. So it provides a dry place to spend time outdoors independent of the weather. Sitting accommodations and playgrounds profit from this condition and are welcomed elements for using space. Benches in the middle of the room create a place to meet and relax. Playground equipment like swings and Tolbuhinsky Bridge
wipes invite to use the new park active. The swings can be amazing elements because of the height of the bridge.
The project concentrates on the room between road and flood dam. The space between river and dam is kept free, because of the risk of flooding.
The pathways are made of wood and about 20 cm high. Their shape surrounds big areas filled with different materials. There are two kinds of areas – the “architectural parts” and the “landscape parts”. The architectural parts are located around the piles, where also the frames and trees are placed. They are the smaller areas and stay close to the bridge. Glass Gravel is used as flooring with an artistic and technical atmosphere. The landscape parts are bigger and go further out into the open space. Here mulch covers the ground. Its character is more natural and it offers a comfortable ground to walk and play on.
As trees we choose birches (Betula pendula). They grow under the given conditions and birch trees already exist in the area. So they don ́t look foreign and keep todays picture. At each of the four pairs of piles, five trees on the West and five trees on the East side will be planted.
The frames are clearly artistic elements and should fit to the design of the bridge as well as to the architectural parts of the pathway-system. Preferred material for the frames is Aluminium with its artificial look and long lasting properties. Beside this they are also useable parts of the new spaces. Therefore they are placed at the ground so people can pass through and explore the fascination of optical illusions.
Swings and slides are made of tyres and wood. Different shapes will allow children and adults, sin- gle persons or groups to use and enjoy them. Due to the height of the bridge the swings can be de- signed to swing very different. The materials complement the fusion of architecture and landscape and the usage of an infrastructure-item. The playground-equipment will be placed in three of the four landscape parts under the bridge.
In the biggest landscape part in the middle are benches instead of swings. They are also made of tyres and wood. They can be individual constructed by participants of the social revolution festival and are a cheap and fast possibility to make the space useable.
IFAS Landscape Designers
We are a group of four students, studying at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) for a Bachelor degree in Landscape Architecture.
Our group consists of:
— Britze, Isabella — age 22
— Ewald, Franziska — age 22
— Gregotsch, Alexander — age 22
- Völkel, Sebastian — age 21
We are all currently in the 6th semester of our studies. Our design principles are the cost- effective construction of our proposals, including the possibility to implement parts of our design through the help of students or volunteers. We promote the use of recycled materials throughout the design process to provide both aesthetically pleasing and sustainable concepts. We focus on the creation of public urban spaces that can fulfill various purposes such as recreation and are adapted to their environment.